Prostate Cancer

The Prostate – What is it?

The Prostate is an organ forming part of the male reproductive system. It is located immediately below the bladder and just in front of the bowel. Its main function is to produce fluid which protects and enriches sperm. In younger men the prostate is about the size of a walnut. It is doughnut shaped as it surrounds the beginning of the urethra, the tube that conveys urine from the bladder to the penis. The nerves that control erections surround the prostate.

Prostate cancer accounts for approximately 30% of cancers diagnosed each year in Australian men1. It is the second most common cause of cancer death, after lung cancer2. It has been estimated that around 120,000 Australian men are living with prostate cancer, and it is predicted that the number will increase to 267,000 by 20173.

Comparing with other cancers, prostate cancer has one of the highest 5-year survival rates of 92% after diagnosis4.

The risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer increases with age. The risk of having prostate cancer by the age of 75 is 1 in 8 men. By the age of 85, the number increases to 1 in 65.

Men who have a father or brother with prostate cancer have a higher chance of developing prostate cancer than men with so such history6.

PCFA advises men over age 50, or 40 with a family history of prostate cancer, should talk to their doctor about testing for prostate cancer. Men should make an individual informed decision about testing based on discussion with their doctors


There are four main disorders of the prostate. All can have similar symptoms, which may include one or more of the following:

  • Waking frequently at night to urinate
  • Sudden or urgent need to urinate
  • Difficulty in starting to urinate
  • Slow flow of urine and difficulty in stopping
  • Discomfort when urinating
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Decrease in libido (sex urge)
  • Reduced ability to get an erection

If you notice any of these symptoms please see your doctor. If your mate confides in you suggest he see his GP who can organise a PSA  blood test, digital examination and referral to a urologist or public hospital if required.

This information and more is available on the website of

Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia

Donations are always gratefully accepted to promote and provide further research of this affliction.



If you have some lazy dollars please consider giving a donation to the Alfred Foundation: 1800 888 878 Email:

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